Contributions Both authors helped to conceptualize ideas, form research questions, interpret findings, and review drafts of the article. Brady conducted the analyses and led the writing. We examined the social and emotional consequences among adolescents of refraining from sexual activity oral or vaginal sex and whether these consequences differed over time and by gender and sexual experience. The percentage of adolescents who reported only positive consequences e. Adolescent girls and sexually experienced adolescents were more likely to report both positive and negative consequences than were adolescent boys and sexually inexperienced adolescents.
Short-term Positive and Negative Consequences of Sex Based on Daily Reports among College Students
In the absence of manipulation, both the sex ratio at birth and the population sex ratio are remarkably constant in human populations. Small alterations do occur naturally; for example, a small excess of male births has been reported to occur during and after war. The tradition of son preference, however, has distorted these natural sex ratios in large parts of Asia and North Africa. This son preference is manifest in sex-selective abortion and in discrimination in care practices for girls, both of which lead to higher female mortality. Since that time, improved health care and conditions for women have resulted in reductions in female mortality, but these advances have now been offset by a huge increase in the use of sex-selective abortion, which became available in the mids. Largely as a result of this practice, there are now an estimated 80 million missing females in India and China alone.
Disorders of sex development
Because sexual behavior may be associated with a broader range of outcomes than physical consequences like sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy, it is important to understand consequences of sex that may influence mental and social well-being in emerging adulthood. This article describes the short-term intrapersonal and interpersonal consequences reported by college students on days they engage in vaginal sex and what factors predict experiencing particular consequences. Participants reported positive consequences more frequently than negative consequences. Non-use of contraception and sex with a non-dating partner were associated with greater odds of reporting negative consequences. These findings have implications for messages about casual sex and use of contraception in sex education and sexual health programming.
Disorders of sex development DSDs , also known as differences in sex development , diverse sex development and variations in sex characteristics VSC ,  are medical conditions involving the reproductive system. More specifically, these terms refer to " congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal , gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. The term has been controversial, and research has shown that affected people experience a negative impact, with the terminology impacting choice and utilization of health care providers.